Biogas is a methane-rich gas created through the anaerobic digestion of organic matter. It is typically composed of around 50-70% methane, along with carbon dioxide (CO2) and includes trace amounts of other gases, such as hydrogen sulphide (H2S), and ammonia (NH3). Biogas serves as a valuable source of clean, renewable energy that can be used for many different purposes, including cooking, electricity, and heat production, and even as a vehicular fuel.
Its production not only provides an eco-friendly alternative to fossil fuels but also aids in the effective management of organic waste materials, contributing to waste-to-energy and environmental sustainability objectives. The use of biogas promotes energy independence, rural development, and job creation while enhancing soil fertility through organic fertilizer production. Its decentralized nature ensures reliable energy supply, contributing to energy security and environmental sustainability.
In an era of climate change and the increasing focus of the use of renewable energy sources, biogas has emerged as a crucial clean energy solution. That is why it has become critical to harness its benefits for a greener, more sustainable future.